As a rule, single-layer printed-circuit boards are carried out with bilateral installation – conductors settle down from two parties. Transitions on the one hand payments on another are carried out through the metallized openings in it.
The printed-circuit board represents the insulating basis with the elements of printed circuit wiring applied on it. Treat elements of printed circuit wiring: conductors, contact platforms, gaps, openings, etc.
Loading for this repeater will be the equivalent resistance, i.e. parallel connection of resistance of R44 of an attenuator and Rvkh of the previous repeater, and for amplitude of output tension will take the entrance tension of the same repeater, i.e.:
Loading for this repeater will be the entrance resistance of the output cascade, i.e. feedback chain R28 resistance, and for amplitude of output tension will take the entrance tension of the output cascade, i.e.:
Some ways of production of MPP are known, however all of them have shortcomings: big cost and duration of design, considerable costs of time for production, of adjustment of production, difficulty of modification.
The initial document when designing printed-circuit boards is the schematic electric circuit. For one schematic diagram it is possible to construct some options of topology of the printed-circuit board, i.e. printed circuit wiring.